César Estrada Chávez was a Latino-American labor leader in the 1960s who led the fight for better working conditions and pay for all agriculture workers. He helped form the National Farm Workers Association (NWFA) labor union, which became the United Farm Workers of America (UFW). Similar to Martin Luther King, Jr., Chávez was an advocate of nonviolent protests, including fasts. Chávez passed away in 1993 and César E. Chávez National Monument was established in 2012.
Chávez gravesite, memorial garden, museum, Chávez office
The National Park Service site is located at the historic Nuestra Señora Reina de la Paz property in Keene, California where César E. Chávez lived and the UFW was headquartered from 1970-84. The site is now the home of the National Chávez Center, his gravesite, and a memorial garden. The museum here includes exhibits, videos, and an audio program at Chávez’s old office. A quick Spanish lesson before you go: “Huelga” translates to “Strike” and “Sí, se puede” means “Yes, we can.”
César Estrada Chávez is buried at the National Chávez Center in Keene, California surrounded by a well-landscaped memorial garden.
In 1848, Seneca Falls was a small rural town in New York and it still remains that way, but on July 19 of that year it became the focus of the world when it hosted the first Women’s Rights Convention. Women’s Rights National Historical Park was established on seven acres here in 1980. Some of the National Park Service (NPS) museum exhibits have not been updated since then, but they still make you think, which is the important point.
Museum, film, sculptures, 1843 Wesleyan Chapel, Declaration
Park, Elizabeth Cady Stanton house
Nearly two centuries after the convention, some positive
changes have been made, but walking through the second-story NPS museum reminds
you that we have a long way to go. The
reactions in the newspapers from 1848 are not very different to those written
in response to the women’s marches of 2017.
Next door, visitors can enter the reconstructed 1843 Wesleyan Chapel
where the two-day meeting was held and read the still relevant Declaration of
Sentiments written during the convention.
The NPS also offers free tours of the Elizabeth Cady Stanton house, a
short drive away. Two other houses in
Waterloo, New York are also part of the park.
There is a walking tour through historic downtown Seneca
Falls that includes the National Women’s Hall of Fame (admission charged), only
a short distance from the NPS museum.
Declaration Park between the NPS museum and the Wesleyan Chapel has a waterfall wall inscribed with the Declaration of Sentiments and its signers’ names.
Jamestown and Yorktown, Virginia are linked by the 23-mile Colonial Parkway, which passes through the well-known tourist attraction of Colonial Williamsburg. After the colony of Fort Raleigh proved a disaster, it was not until 1607 that the first successful English settlement was founded at Jamestown, Virginia. On October 18, 1781, General Charles Cornwallis surrendered his British troops at Yorktown, effectively ending the Revolutionary War. Though it was more than two years before a peace settlement was reached and General George Washington was able to march back into New York City, from where he retreated in 1776.
Remember back in 1777 in the aftermath of the battles of Saratoga when the French said they would help kick the British out of the 13 colonies? Well, not much happened until nearly four years later when Admiral de Grasse defeated the British fleet at the mouth of the Chesapeake Bay. The ships were unable to resupply General Charles Cornwallis’ troops at Yorktown, who then faced a siege by the combined American and French forces. Inside the National Park Service visitor center at Yorktown is a replica of a French ship that you can walk aboard without getting seasick. It also has a replica of General George Washington’s battlefield tent. Outside, cannons abound along the auto tour.
Five miles of trails wind through Old Towne and New Towne in
Jamestown, Virginia. There is an entry
fee charged, since most of this section of the park is run by the non-profit
organization Preservation Virginia. This
includes admission to the excellent Voorhees Archaearium, a museum built atop
the foundation of the historic statehouse.
Do not miss the reproduction glassblowing house. This area also contains portions of the
Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary War National Historic Trail and Captain
John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail.
The original 1607 James Fort was triangular in shape and, of course, had cannons facing the James River.
Visiting Yorktown is $10 per person or free with the America the Beautiful pass, but entering Jamestown requires a payment of $20 per person or $5 per person with the America the Beautiful pass. There is a separate entry fee for nearby Jamestowne Settlement living history museum , but it is free to walk the streets of Colonial Williamsburg (more info on our other travel blog).
All roads paved
There is no camping permitted within the park, but several private campgrounds can be found in the area, as well as numerous hotels since you will probably want to spend more than a day given the park’s proximity to Colonial Williamsburg.
Explore More – When an “ill” General Cornwallis sent his second-in-command to formally surrender his 8,000 troops, General George Washington was insulted and deferred the honor of accepting to whom?
Even in the wake of Patriot victories at Kings Mountain and Cowpens, the British army was not giving up their southern colonies without a fight. Major General Nathanael Greene was in charge of the Continental Army in the southern theater and his troops were aggressively pursued by British General Charles Cornwallis. Although he lost the battle on March 15, 1781, Greene’s name was later applied to the nearby town of Greensboro, North Carolina.
Museum, film, Hoskins Farm, Major General Nathanael Greene statue
Start at the National Park Service visitor center, watch the
short film, then make stops along the 2.25-mile auto tour. You will learn the story of what took place on
March 15, 1781, when Greene’s defensive position at Guilford Courthouse was attacked
by British forces. While the Patriots withdrew
they only suffered 7% casualties, compared to the British who lost 28% of their
army, leading them to eventually retreat to Yorktown, Virginia. After the battle, Greene continued to fight,
leading his men against overmatched backcountry outposts of British troops such
as the one at Ninety Six, South Carolina.
In addition to the auto tour route, a paved bicycle path wends through the battlefield. The lovely 229-acre Guilford Courthouse National Military Park is heavily utilized for recreation by the local people of Greensboro. As such, you are allowed to walk your dog in the park. In the summer, you can also walk around Hoskins Farm, though its buildings are closed, as is the old Colonial Heritage Center.
Many monuments line the pathways that cut through 229-acre Guilford Courthouse National Military Park, with the equestrian statue of Major General Nathanael Greene being the most prominent.
In 1780, the conclusion of the Revolutionary War was anything but decided with the British army firmly entrenched in New York City, Charleston, and Savannah. General Charles Cornwallis commanded 2,200 troops in the colony of South Carolina and his plan was to meet up with Major Patrick Ferguson’s 1,100 men near Charlotte, North Carolina. Many historians consider the events that took place here on October 7, 1780 the beginning of the end of the war that culminated less than a year later at Yorktown.
Museum, film, Battlefield Trail, U.S. Monument, grave of
Though the museum in the National Park Service visitor
center is small, it is well done and very informative. You will learn that throughout 1780, a ragtag
band of Patriot militia dogged Major Ferguson, forcing him to make a stand 39
miles south of his destination at Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780. When the Loyalist force finally surrendered,
the enraged Patriots gave them “Tarleton’s quarter.” Killed during the fighting, Major Ferguson was
the only person in the battle born in the British Isles (in Scotland).
Start at the visitor center, then walk the 1.5-mile
Battlefield Trail. It is part of the
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, which has 87 of its 330 miles
publicly accessible, starting in Tennessee.
Just be sure to be out of the park before the gates close for the night.
The 83-foot tall U.S. Monument was dedicated in 1909 by the Daughters of the American Revolution.
Late summer when 18th-century military encampments occur on