In 1780, the conclusion of the Revolutionary War was anything but decided with the British army firmly entrenched in New York City, Charleston, and Savannah. General Charles Cornwallis commanded 2,200 troops in the colony of South Carolina and his plan was to meet up with Major Patrick Ferguson’s 1,100 men near Charlotte, North Carolina. Many historians consider the events that took place here on October 7, 1780 the beginning of the end of the war that culminated less than a year later at Yorktown.
Museum, film, Battlefield Trail, U.S. Monument, grave of Major Ferguson
Though the museum in the National Park Service visitor center is small, it is well done and very informative. You will learn that throughout 1780, a ragtag band of Patriot militia dogged Major Ferguson, forcing him to make a stand 39 miles south of his destination at Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780. When the Loyalist force finally surrendered, the enraged Patriots gave them “Tarleton’s quarter.” Killed during the fighting, Major Ferguson was the only person in the battle born in the British Isles (in Scotland).
Start at the visitor center, then walk the 1.5-mile Battlefield Trail. It is part of the Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail, which has 87 of its 330 miles publicly accessible, starting in Tennessee. Just be sure to be out of the park before the gates close for the night.
The 83-foot tall U.S. Monument was dedicated in 1909 by the Daughters of the American Revolution.
Late summer when 18th-century military encampments occur on select weekends.
All roads paved
There is one backcountry campsite on the grounds, which requires free registration at the visitor center. Neighboring Kings Mountain State Park offers 119 campsites and many miles of trails.
Explore More – What earlier event provoked the Patriots to give “Tarleton’s quarter” after the Loyalists surrendered?