The Mandan and Hidatsa lived and farmed side-by-side near the banks of the Missouri River for centuries before Euro-Americans arrived in search of furs, bringing smallpox and other diseases. The Corps of Discovery led by Lewis and Clark over-wintered here in 1804-05. Eventually the Mandan and Hidatsa were forced to abandon their villages, later joining the Arikara to form the Three Affiliated Tribes.
Reconstructed earthlodge, museum, riverside village sites
Many artifacts recovered on site are displayed inside the National Park Service (NPS) visitor center, some suggesting inhabitation by Paleo-Indians as far back as 11,000 years ago. You can even try out a hoe made from a bison scapula.
From the visitor center a trail leads to the Milk River, a tributary to the much larger (and more flood prone) Missouri River. Each lump on the grass that you pass was once an earthlodge, which is easier to see in the overhead photograph on the interpretive sign. You can drive to two other trailheads that provide access to the Missouri River and the site of Big Hidatsa Village.
There is not much evidence left of the hundreds of earthlodges that once stood in these three villages, but there is one reconstruction that visitors can enter to exemplify the spacious dwellings. An earthlodge actually required a large amount of wood to provide structure.
All roads paved
Sakakawea State Park is 15 miles north of this site.
Explore More – What famous traveling companions did Lewis and Clark first meet here in 1804?